Green Hydrogen

Green Energy Transition

Hydrogen plays a vital role in the renewable energy transition, with demand expected to grow by 2050 to reach net-zero emission targets. Although renewable energy sources such as solar and wind are essential in decarbonization, excess energy is difficult to store. Hydrogen is an energy-dense compound that provides energy storage and an alternative source of fuel for long-distance transportation, such as freight, airplanes, and other applications in heavy industry.  

Green hydrogen is produced through a process called electrolysis, where water is split into oxygen and hydrogen using renewable energy sources. This process requires significant amounts of ultrapure, deionized water, which may create strain on already water-stressed regions. Using desalinated seawater can help to alleviate this issue. According to GWI, up to 2.5 million m3/day of deionized water may be needed for green hydrogen by 2030, and seawater desalination is expected to be the primary water source for approximately 65% of currently planned projects and reuse the source for another 15% of planned projects.

Energy Efficiency in Green Hydrogen Production

Producing ultrapure water from seawater necessitates reverse osmosis desalination. Because electrolysis and seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) are highly energy-intensive, energy recovery devices can significantly reduce energy use to create ultrapure water by recycling pressure energy. The PX® Pressure Exchanger® can significantly lower the energy requirement of seawater reverse osmosis and match the initial feedwater quality requirements for green hydrogen projects while delivering efficiencies of up to 98%. Our PX can be implemented in direct seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) or in wastewater reuse so that plants capitalize on energy savings and reuse the oxygen on site produced from electrolysis. This oxygen can be used for wastewater treatment needs, especially for bacteria in biological treatment processes. 

Reverse Osmosis with ERDs: Advantages for Green Hydrogen

Green Hydrogen renewable energy footprint
Smaller renewable energy footprint
Lower energy consumption
Lower equipment CAPEX

Green energy sources are variable and can fluctuate based on region and season. Implementing ERDs can also reduce the total instantaneous energy demand of the water purification system when renewable sources, such as sunlight and wind, are unavailable.  

Product Highlights

Energy Recovery’s PX Q400 and LP PX can be utilized to provide the ultrapure water for green hydrogen production and offer best-in-class performance from the industry-leading PX® Pressure Exchanger® technology. Delivering energy and cost savings, the PX Q400 operates at up to 1,200 psi pressures for seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination. The low-pressure PX can function in applications for green hydrogen production by way of water reuse and operates at low pressures (80-400 psi). 

Energy Recovery for Green Hydrogen